The 50 Best Hydroponic Plants to Grow

If you’re interested in hydroponic farming, but don’t know what to grow, this article on the 50 best hydroponic plants to grow will help.

We put together this massive list of the 50 BEST hydroponic plants to grow so you don’t have to worry about finding them yourself.

Our list has a bit of everything, including fruits, flowers, herbs, veggies, houseplants and succulents!

Use the table of contents to find your favorites, or read it through entirely to shortlist your top picks.

And remember to bookmark this article to reference when you’re ready to start planting.

1. Basil 

When you think of basil, your first thought might be of creamy pesto sauce.

This herb is also one of the most common crops for home hydroponic systems, because it’s forgiving for new gardeners and easy to grow in high quantities.

As long as it’s kept in warmer temperatures and receives frequent pruning, it will flourish in your hydroponic system.

2. Beans

Beans are fast growing, low maintenance and high yielding, so of course they’re perfect for hydroponic growing!

They also create nitrogen from the air, so they don’t need quite as many nutrients as some other plants.

Since space is typically a concern in hydroponics, stick to bushy varieties over viny ones, so you don’t need to add any vertical support.

3. Blueberries

This crop loves water, so they’re perfect for hydroponic growing.

Dwarf varieties of blueberries work best in hydroponic systems since they’re bred to be shorter.

You’ll just have to remember to pollinate your plants manually if you’re growing indoors.

4. Bok Choy

Also known as Chinese cabbage, Bok Choy loves water, and it’s fairly tolerant of other temperatures too.

This makes it a great addition to hydroponic systems that grow multiple types of crops.

Plus, you can harvest only a few leaves at a time to keep it growing or harvest the whole thing at once!

5. Borage

This medicinal herb is one of the easiest edible herbs you can grow.

It needs quite a bit of fertilizer when grown in the ground, but this isn’t a problem when growing hydroponically.

Plus, its colorful star shaped flowers are sure to add nice decoration to your system.

6. Cabbage

This global food staple is a fairly hands-off crop to grow hydroponically.

The only problem you’ll need to watch for is splitting, which is when the head breaks apart.

Luckily, it’s easy to prevent, simply keep water and nutrient intake consistent and harvest as soon as the crop is ready.

7. Carnations

Carnations are one of the most popular flowers for indoor hydroponic and commercial growers.

This is because of how popular they are in floral arrangements.  

If you grow enough of them in your hydroponic system, you could make quite a bit of money!

8. Catnip

Catnip isn’t just for cats you know, this relative of mint is also great for use in herbal tea for stress and digestive relief.

Catnip can be kept alive in a hydroponic system for years!

And any leaves and stems you harvest from this bushy plant will quickly be replaced.

9. Chamomile

Chamomile flowers and leaves have medicinal properties that make it a popular plant for home remedies and tea.

It also loves having a constant source of moisture, so it adapts well to hydroponic systems.

Plus, it prefers partial sun, so it does well under grow lights too!

10. Chervil

This delicate culinary herb is used frequently in French cuisine.

Chervil prefers indirect light and cooler temperatures, so it’s great for indoor hydroponic growing, especially in the summer.

It doesn’t transplant well, though, so try to plant it in the system as early as possible.

11. Chinese Evergreen

Chinese evergreens are one of the easiest houseplants to grow—they make even beginner growers look like experts!

Houseplants are great for both commercial and hobby indoor hydroponics, as they sell for quite a bit and don’t require too much light.

Chinese evergreens are tolerant of different environments too, so fit in well with a variety of different plants.

12. Chives

Chives are a resilient vegetable!

Not only can they withstand varying temperatures, but they also can even go without water for a while and rarely become infected by diseases and pests.

If started from old roots instead of seed, chives will be ready for harvest in as little as two weeks!

13. Cilantro

This refreshing herb is great for hydroponics because of how low maintenance it is!

As long as the air temperature is kept below 75 degrees and nutrient needs are met, it doesn’t need much care.

This makes it great for hydroponic growers with little time to spend on tasks like pruning.

14. Coleus

This tropical shrub can’t stand the cold, so it’s great for growing in indoor hydroponic systems if you live somewhere with freezing winters.

The more water coleus gets, the more vibrant its colorful leaves become.

So, growing it hydroponically is a great choice!

15. Cucumbers

Water-loving cucumbers are great vining plants for hydroponic greenhouses.

Greenhouse varieties of cucumbers are seedless and have thinner skin than field grown varieties.

Because they’re vining crops, you just have to be sure to include supports in your hydroponic system for proper growth.

16. Dahlias

Dahlias are a type of flower that grow well under grow lights.

These vibrant flowers come in many different varieties, with different heights, leaf colors, patterns and shapes!

They’re also easy to clone through propagation, so you can multiply your supply year after year.

17. Dill

Dill has a long history of cultivation, dating back five centuries!

It grows well indoors, you just need to provide ample light.

This herb grows a fragile taproot, a long anchoring root, so it’s best to plant it directly in your hydroponic system, if possible.

18. Fiddle-Leaf Fig

This houseplant has a reputation for being finicky, so it benefits from the special care of a hydroponic system.

Fiddle-leaf figs grow tall and need lots of light.

So, they work best for outdoor growing, or in rooms with lots of natural light.

19. Geranium

Geraniums are hardy fragrant flowers that grow great indoors all year long!

Grow these edible flowers to add them to desserts, or turn them into essential oils.

They prefer dry air, so pair them with plants that don’t need a lot of humidity.

20. Grapes

To grow in a hydroponic system, grapes just need some extra support.

This fruit is best for large systems, since grape vines can grow quite large, just be sure to use a system with great air flow.

Hydroponic systems are great for grapes because it gives you greater control over nutrients than soil does.

Wineries can even use hydroponics to grow wine grapes!

21. Hoya

Hoyas are durable and easy to maintain, so of course, they grow well in a hydroponic system.

This houseplant comes in many different varieties and species, but whichever type you choose will flourish.

Keep your colorful hoyas under bright lights for best results.

22. Jade

Jade succulents grow quite well in hydroponic systems.

You just have to make sure that their growing medium has time to dry.

As a result, they grow great in systems that use only a little bit of water, like the nutrient film technique.

23. Kale

This superfood is extremely popular for home and commercial hydroponic growers alike!

For farmers, it’s a simple and profitable option.

And for hobbyists, it’s a great way to get more nutrients in your diet.

24. Lettuce

If it’s not the most popular, lettuce is definitely high up on the list of common hydroponic crops.

Lettuce grows fast, needs lots of water and doesn’t need much light.

So, it’s no surprise this beloved leafy green is one of the best hydroponic plants to grow.

25. Lavender

Lavender grows so well in hydroponic systems, that it grows about 30% faster than soil-grown lavender!

It’s not picky about temperature either, so you can easily pair it with both cool and warm weather crops.

Grow lavender for it’s soothing scent, or to sell it to chefs as an edible flower.

26. Lily of the Valley

This flower prefers shaded areas and moist conditions, so it adapts well to indoor hydroponic systems.

Give it a period of colder conditions during the winter to mimic its natural dormancy period and trigger flowering.

You can also divide it into multiple plants after it flowers to multiply your supply!

27. Lotus

Lotus naturally grow in water, so you’re probably not surprised that they grow well in hydroponic systems.

To grow lotus plants, submerge the roots and let the stem grow to the surface so the leaves and flowers rest on top of the water.

You can anchor the roots with a heavy growing medium at the bottom of the reservoir.

28. Mint

Mint is so resilient, it lives and thrives on every continent except Antarctica!

But it has a limited shelf life, so freshly harvested mint is a premium product.

In hydroponic systems, it’s easy to plant, grows quickly and gives you a year-round supply of fresh mint.

29. Orchids

Orchids are finicky plants and highly susceptible to health problems if not kept in the right conditions, but hydroponics can help!

Some hydroponic orchid growers rotate their plants in and out of water, with two days of soaking and five days of drying, to mimic the plant’s wild experience.

But others leave their orchid in the water 24/7, with weekly water changes to prevent bacteria growth.

30. Oregano

This small bushy herb is famous for its use in Italian cuisine.

Its popularity means it’s usually in high demand, making it a great choice for commercial growers.

Oregano is fairly easy to grow in hydroponic systems, but it needs dry periods and regular pruning to thrive.

31. Peppers

Both chili and bell pepper plants benefit from hydroponic setups.

In fact, growing peppers hydroponically may result in an increased yield of larger fruit.

Just keep in mind that pepper plants will need your help with pollination if they’re grown indoors.

32. Petunias

Because you’re able to tailor your nutrients to each plant, hydroponic petunias grow faster than soil-grown ones!

Some of these beautiful flowers grow to be up to four feet tall and three feet wide.

So, you’ll need to make sure you have plenty of room in your system.

33. Philodendron

Philodendrons thrive in water, and they may even drink it faster than you expect!

These versatile houseplants require very little maintenance and are great at expressing what it needs!

For best results, provide bright but indirect light.

34. Pothos

The pothos is another easy to maintain houseplant that grows great in water!

With the right conditions, it will grow cascading vines reaching 10 feet long.

Pothos are easy to clone too, so you can easily start as many plants as you want from just one!

35. Radishes

Since radishes are root crops, they’re a little more challenging to grow hydroponically than other crops.

But with the right nutrient solution, hydroponic radishes will turn out big and tasty.

Try to limit the nitrogen levels of your solution in order to promote root growth, rather than leaf growth.

36. Rex Begonia

Rex begonias are famous for their colorful and thick leaves.

These tropical plants require little light and prefer shaded, cool areas.

And even though they only live for two or three years, they’re easy to clone so you can keep bringing it back year after year.

37. Rosemary

Rosemary is a beloved herb that’s been used for thousands of years.

Though it loves lots of light and dry conditions, it still grows well in hydroponic systems.

Just be sure to give it dry periods because too much water will cause its roots to rot.

38. Sage

This herb is grown all over the world for its numerous medicinal and culinary uses.

As an evergreen leafy herb, it grows great in hydroponic systems and one plant will stay alive for years.

It’s usually in high demand in the culinary world, so sage is a popular choice for selling to restaurants.

39. Snapdragon

Snapdragons are a popular flower that come in a variety of vibrant colors and sizes.

They can be as short as six inches, or as tall as four feet, depending on the variety.

So, make sure you choose a variety that will fit in your system well.

40. Sorrel

Sorrel comes in three common varieties: broad leaf, French and red vein.

This leafy herb’s small young leaves are used mostly for garnish, but its big mature leaves have a distinct lemony flavor.

It has a short shelf-life, so it’s hard to find in grocery stores and makes an excellent addition to any hydroponic garden.

41. Spider Plants

Spider plants produce “spiderettes,” which can be planted and grown to create a new plant!

They’re also considered one of the easiest houseplants to grow.

Give spider plants bright, indirect sunlight and monthly nutrients for best results.

42. Spinach

As a leafy green, spinach naturally flourishes in hydroponic settings.

And like lettuce, this popular crop does best in cooler temperatures.

In fact, spinach will actually have a bitter taste if it’s grown in too much heat!

43. Spring Onions

It’s easy to grow a lot of these small onions in a small space.

And since hydroponic systems famously save space, it’s the perfect match!

Just make sure you use a growing media with enough room for the onion bulb to grow.

44. Strawberries

Strawberries come in either the short-day or day-neutral types, and you’ll want to use day-neutral for your hydroponic farm.

This is because you can manipulate day-neutral strawberries into fruiting, which is triggered by being frozen.

To grow hydroponic strawberries, you need strong light, good airflow and a freezer for manually chilling the plants.

45. Thyme

Fresh thyme leaves have a short shelf life, so growing it for chefs is a smart choice.

Like many other leafy herbs, thyme thrives in hydroponic systems.

Plus, hydroponics gives you the ability to keep your thyme plant alive all year for constant access.

46. Tomatoes

Tomatoes have long been a favorite for greenhouse growers.

They come in bush and vining varieties, but since bush is harder to control, vining is better for indoor growing.

Usually, hydroponic growers use the Dutch bucket system with two plants per bucket to grow tomatoes.

47. Viola

These flowers like a lot of water, so they work well in hydroponic systems.

Flowers often grow best outdoors, but violas will do well inside too.

They require little maintenance, just cut off dead buds quickly and don’t allow seeds to form to keep them alive longer.

48. Watercress

As the name suggests, watercress loves water, and it even grows partially in running water in the wild.

It’s best known as a vegetable, but its flowers are edible too.

To get it to flower in a hydroponic system, you’ll need to switch to a flowering nutrient solution about halfway through it’s vegetative growth.

49. Watermelon

Watermelon loves water too. In fact, watermelons are 92% water!

The biggest challenge with growing it hydroponically is making sure your system can support the weight of your plant’s massive fruit.

Use both horizontal and vertical trellises for best results.

50. Zinnia

Zinnias are an easy flower to grow in any growing media!

For hydroponic systems, compact varieties, like profusion zinnias, will grow best.

They also cope with dry conditions better than standing water, so wick, or ebb and flow systems will work best.

Now that you know the 50 best hydroponic plants to grow, you can grow them on your own!

With the right amount of dedication, you can start your own successful hydroponic garden or farm.

For more information on hydroponic plants, farming and more, visit our website or call 602-753-3469.